Archive for November, 2018

Why the Arctic snow is turning pink and why it’s a bad sign

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

While pink snow has been known to occur in the Arctic, a new study reveals that it is playing a bigger role in the changing climate.

Pink snow occurs as a result of algae. During the months that it’s warm in the Arctic, a thin layer of meltwater forms on ice and snow. The sunlight and the water are ideal growing conditions for algae and they begin to thrive.

READ MORE: Warming Arctic creating smaller migratory birds

The problem with the pink snow has to do with albedo, or the amount of reflectivity an object gives off. White reflects the most light; darker colours absorb light. The more algae that forms, the less sunlight it reflects.

Snow algae bloom in red on ice and snow and thereby darken the surface. This accelerates the thawing of ice.

Liane G. Benning, GFZ

The researchers from German Research Centre for Geosciences GFZ and the University of Leeds studied 40 samples from 21 glaciers across the Pan-European Arctic, from Greenland, Iceland and parts of Sweden.

What they found was that the same algal species was responsible for causing the pink snow across the Arctic. This creates a sort of snowball effect: the more glaciers and snow melt, the more algae forms. The more algae forms, the more sunlight it absorbs, causing more melting.

GFZ scientists investigate the snow algae to get more information on the diversity of these micro organisms.

Stefanie Lutz, GFZ

ChangSha Night Net


  • Arctic sea ice at record winter low for second year in a row

  • Warming Arctic affects jet stream, linked to melting Greenland ice: study

  • Reality check: Clearing up misconceptions Canadians have about climate change

    That is bad news for the Arctic, a region that is warming faster than anywhere else on the planet. The researchers found that the algal blooms were decreasing albedo by 13 per cent over one melt season.

    READ MORE: This is what the melting Arctic sea ice looks like

    “Our results point out that the ‘bio-albedo’ effect is important and has to be considered in future climate models,” said lead author Stefanie Lutz in a statement.

    The scientists hope further research will be conducted to better understand the role micro-organisms are playing in a changing climate.

    Follow @NebulousNikki

Better Winnipeg: Manitoba Marathon runs a super green race in recycling

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

WINNIPEG —; Race day means many different things to the 14,000 people running in the Manitoba Marathon.

Most people are focused on the race, while one group of volunteers are keep their eyes on all the waste.

Donna Dagg is the Green Team lead for the Manitoba Marathon. She helps coordinate a 35 person group of volunteers dedicated to keeping waste to an absolute minimum at the event.

“Our main role is to make sure we divert as much from the landfill as possible,” Dagg said.

ChangSha Night Net


    Better Winnipeg: Exploring the impacts of the Manitoba Marathon Foundation

    Manitoba Marathon Sights and Sounds

  • Green screen a hit with visitors at the Global News Fit Expo

    In a matter of hours on marathon day, empty cups are scattered along the 26.2 mile course that winds through the city of Winnipeg.

    All those cups and other waste are gathered, bagged and moved to an arena, where all of it gets sorted by hand into groups of recycling, compost, cardboard and waste.

    “By separating them out we can really do a lot of waste diversion and make the marathon greener,” Dagg said.

    At the University of Manitoba stadium, where the races start and finish, any packaging from water and snacks are put into special pods. Each pod includes a recycling bin, compost bin and waste bin. Green Team volunteers monitor each pod to ensure things are ending up in the correct bin.

    RELATED: Manitoba Marathon kicked off Sunday morning

    Signage with pictures of all the items from the event is placed above each bin as an extra guide.

    This year, 3,452 pounds was diverted from the landfill. That’s 85 per cent of everything collected from the marathon making it the highest percentage yet.

    The majority can be composted, tipping the scale at 2,158 pounds of material this year. Special cups with an inner lining made from corn account for most of it.

    After the marathon they’re all sent to a composting facility where they break down within 21 days.

    “Putting cups in the landfill would produce methane gas,” Dagg explained. “But if we divert them into a composting facility, we are making soil amendment and the nutrients can then be put back on the land.”

    Joseph Manacsa is the Green Team, tech team leader.  He said there’s added value to sorting all the garbage.

    “We want to make these a commodity, the recyclables and the compostables.”

    Dagg said the cost of the corn-lined cups is slightly more expensive but the sponsor, Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries believes it’s worth the investment.

    So is the added effort and time put in by the Green Team.

    “It’s a lot of work, but I think it’s that extra work that will save the planet one day,” Manacsa said.

Baltimore police driver found not guilty in death of Freddie Gray

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

BALTIMORE – A judge acquitted a police driver of all charges on Thursday in the death of 25-year-old arrested Freddie Gray, whose broken neck on the way to the station set off Baltimore’s worst riots in decades.

Six officers were charged in Gray’s death, but only Officer Caesar Goodson was accused of “depraved heart” murder. Gray was fatally injured after officers bound his hands and feet and Goodson left him unprotected by a seat belt that prosecutors say would have kept him from slamming into the van’s metal walls.

ChangSha Night Net

READ MORE: Defence to review information from state in Freddie Gray murder case

Baltimore Circuit Judge Barry Williams also found Goodson not guilty of manslaughter, assault, misconduct in office, and reckless endangerment after five days of testimony in the non-jury trial.

Williams said the state failed to show that Goodson knew he’d harm Gray by leaving him unbuckled, or that he was aware of the injury.

“The state failed to prove the defendant knew or should have known that Mr. Gray needed medical care,” the judge said.

“Unlike in a shooting or a stabbing, or a car accident, this injury manifests itself internally,” Williams said, citing conflicting testimony from medical experts. “If the doctors weren’t clear, how would a person without medical training know?”

The Death of Freddie Gray | Graphiq

The judge also said the state failed to prove Goodson gave Gray a “rough ride.”

“The state had a duty to show the defendant corruptly failed in his duty, not just that he made a mistake,” the judge said.

Outside the courthouse, a small group of protesters chanted: “We can’t stop. We won’t stop, till killer cops are in cell blocks.”

Protests and rioting after Gray’s death on April 19, 2015 set the city on fire, forcing Maryland to bring in the National Guard. The unrest forced the city’s mayor to abandon her re-election campaign, and the Department of Justice opened an investigation into allegations of widespread police abuse.

WATCH: Freddie Gray protesters angered over Baltimore cop’s acquittal

The Democratic nominee to become Baltimore’s next mayor, State Sen. Catherine Pugh, issued a statement pleading for patience.

“Protests are a vital part of democracy, but to destroy the homes and businesses many people have worked very hard to build is unacceptable. Although people may disagree with the verdict, it is important to respect each other and to respect our neighbourhoods and our communities,” Pugh said.

Prosecutors said Goodson was criminally negligent when he failed to buckle Gray into a seat belt or call for medical aid after Gray indicated that he wanted to go to a hospital. But Goodson wouldn’t talk to investigators or take the stand at trial, leaving the state with slim evidence of intent to harm.

The acquittal of Goodson, 46, is perhaps the most significant blow to State Attorney Marilyn Mosby’s efforts to hold police accountable for Gray’s death.

READ MORE: Baltimore police leader acknowledges flaws exposed by Freddie Gray case

Last month, the same judge acquitted Officer Edward Nero of misdemeanour charges, and in December, he declared a mistrial after a jury failed to agree on manslaughter and other charges against Officer William Porter.

Porter faces a retrial in September, and three other officers have yet to be tried.

Grey was arrested April 12 after running from an officer on bike patrol outside a public housing project not far from the Western District station house. A neighbour’s video showed him handcuffed behind his back and hoisted into Goodson’s van.

The van made a total of six stops that day, and Gray was unresponsive on arrival at the station house 45 minutes later. Prosecutors said Goodson was there throughout and checked on Gray during the third and fourth stops, so he should have known Gray was in distress. They said his failure to call a medic amounts to murder.

Number of People Killed by Police in the US by Race | Graphiq

A prosecution expert testified that Gray could not possibly have broken his own neck. Prosecutors said the injury happened somewhere between the second and fourth stops, when Goodson and Porter lifted Gray off the floor.

Porter testified that Gray was lethargic, but could breathe and speak, and didn’t seem injured. Prosecutors countered that the initial injury became critical as the trip continued.

Second-degree “depraved heart” murder, which carries up to 30 years in jail, would mean that Goodson was so negligent in his inaction that he cast aside any consideration for Gray’s life.

During opening statements, prosecutors for the first time accused Goodson of giving Gray a “rough ride,” intentionally leaving him unbuckled “to bounce him around in the back of the van.”

But by closing arguments, they all but abandoned the theory, saying Goodson’s failure to belt Gray in under the circumstances was sufficient to prove the intent necessary for a murder conviction.

“Officer Goodson never calls a medic, he never takes Freddie Gray to the hospital,” said Deputy State’s Attorney Jan Bledsoe. “He has breached his duty, and because of that breach Freddie Gray’s life was shortened.”

READ MORE: ‘Rough ride’ theory offered by prosecutors in trial of cop accused in death of Freddie Gray

The judge seemed skeptical, peppering prosecutors with questions and asking what evidence they had supporting the “rough ride” theory. What if Gray had emerged from the van unhurt, despite being unbuckled, and was found to be falsely claiming injury in order to avoid jail?

Chief Deputy State’s Attorney Michael Schatzow said the failure to belt him in would still be a crime, although a difficult one to prosecute.

Goodson’s attorney Matthew Fraling fiercely rejected the allegations, telling the judge that Goodson was a “gentle” officer who didn’t buckle him in because Gray was exhibiting “violent and erratic” behaviour, citing witness testimony that he was making the wagon shake back and forth by kicking and flailing inside.

Fraling also said Gray said yes when Porter asked if he wanted to go to a hospital only because Gray hoped to avoid jail.

“They have failed to cobble together any type of case with reasonable inferences, let alone evidence,” he said. “The mere fact that harm resulted doesn’t mean the Officer Goodson’s conduct is the cause of that harm.”

Goodson’s acquittal may impact the remaining cases. Officer Garrett Miller and Lt. Brian Rice are scheduled to stand trial in July on charges of assault, reckless endangerment and misconduct in office; Rice also faces a manslaughter charge.

All the officers but Goodson have filed defamation lawsuits against Mosby and Maj. Sam Cogen of the sheriff’s office, who signed the charging documents. The officers claim the criminal charges amounted to false and damaging information.

6 in custody after white substance dumped in front of Queen’s Park

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

Police have six people in custody after a group of protesters dumped a foamy white substance in front of the main entrance at the Ontario legislature in Toronto Thursday morning.

Police say demonstrators protesting mercury levels at the First Nations community of Grassy Narrows poured a white substance from a barrel onto the ground forcing authorities to block off the area.

READ MORE: Teens from Grassy Narrows First Nation demand action on mercury poisoning

Police say the fire department and a hazmat team has been dispatched to the scene to determine the exact nature of the substance but initial reports indicate it is not toxic.

ChangSha Night Net

Several protesters dressed in hazmat suits and face masks held a sign that read, “When will you clean it Wynne?,” on the front lawn of the legislature building.

Const. Victor Kwong said the six people in custody have not been placed under arrest and it’s unclear if they will face any charges.

Some Grassy Narrows residents suffered mercury poisoning since Dryden Chemical dumped nine-thousand kilograms of it into the Wabigoon and English River systems during the 1960s.

READ MORE: Report calls for mercury dumped in Wabigoon River in 1960s to be safely removed

The government closed the local fishery that formed the basis of the Grassy Narrows economy, but some residents ignored the order to stop eating the fish.

Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation Minister David Zimmer and Environment Minister Glen Murray is scheduled to visit the Grassy Narrows First Nation next week.

Zimmer and Murray, along with technical experts, will meet with Grassy Narrows leaders to discuss various reports about mercury contamination in the area and how to clean it up.

Police block off the front entrance of Queen’s Park after protesters dumped a white substance near the front entrance on June 23, 2016.

Global News

-With a file from

Group says thousands of Syrian refugees are stuck in limbo as they wait for plane tickets

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

A non-profit group working to get privately sponsored refugees to Canada says a backlog has formed when it comes time to purchase plane tickets, leading hundreds of Syrian families stranded in “tenuous circumstances.”

According to Canada4Refugees — which represents about 175 small groups of Canadians who have banded together to help refugees fleeing conflict in the Middle East — there are around 500 privately sponsored Syrian families who have all the necessary paperwork to come to Canada, but can’t get their hands on tickets out of the war-torn region.

WATCH: Salisbury group upset over delayed arrival of sponsored refugees

ChangSha Night Net

The federal government hired the International Organization for Migration to secure exit permits from host governments and book plane tickets, explained John Sewell, a member of the Canada4Refugees steering committee. But they don’t seem to be keeping pace with demand.

“There are lots of flights … no problem that way,” Sewell said. “We try and get in touch with the ministry, but they just say, ‘well, it takes time.’”

Canada4Refugees is asking Immigration Minister John McCallum to start sending government aircraft over to transport the approved families, as Ottawa did last winter during the height of its resettlement efforts.

READ MORE: Refugee use of food banks could be ‘cultural,’ says John McCallum

“We’re dealing with 500 families, it’s not a small number,” Sewell said. “Exit visas I don’t think are that hard to get, if there’s a country that’s approving it like Canada.”

The wait times for plane tickets have been stretching to 12 weeks in some cases, he added. Sewell said he was unaware of specific examples where a delayed family might be kept in a dangerous situation.

It’s not the first time private sponsors have raised concerns about how Syrians and other refugees are being brought to Canada. Last winter, there was backlash when Ottawa prioritized government-sponsored Syrians as it attempted to meet a target of 25,000 Syrians arriving in Canada by the end of January.

A ‘measured’ plan

In response to a request for comment on the alleged backlog, a spokesperson for the department of Citizenship and Immigration referred Global News to a series of publicly available webpages that explain how the resettlement of privately sponsored refugees works, and how long each stage of the process typically lasts.

The accelerated processing that took place last winter is no longer in effect, the department notes.

WATCH: Record number of refugees displaced in 2015

The last step before departure, which involves securing exit visas and plane tickets, is now supposed to take between one and two months, according to the government materials.

During this time, refugees can pack and participate in special orientation sessions to prepare them for life in Canada.

“Lessons learned from the resettlement of 25,000 Syrian refugees indicates that after their interview and health/security screening, refugees need time to get their affairs in order and be ready to leave,” the department materials say.

“This is a measured, orderly plan which is sensitive to the needs of refugees and provides a predictable pace of arrivals for sponsors.”

But Sewell says that explanation is unacceptable, especially given the fact that so many Canadians have stepped forward to act as sponsors and are now seeing the wait time for plane tickets lengthened to three months or more.

“That’s not good enough,” he said. “We think that this is very bad for the future. If there is all this interest in refugees the government should be trying to say, ‘Good, let’s bring in lots of them.’ Sponsorship groups are the way to do it.”

Canada’s 1st hand transplant patient now feels ‘whole’

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

TORONTO – In January, Toronto surgeons announced they had performed Canada’s first hand and forearm transplant. Now, the woman at the centre of that groundbreaking surgery is going public, sharing the journey that has once again made her feel whole.

It’s a story of faith, determination, and a belief that the miracles of medicine could wipe out the pain of the past and give her a brighter future.

ChangSha Night Net

In 2005, Maryam Zolfi’s world was forever altered when her left arm was severed below the elbow in a horrific car accident. Three years later, the registered nurse was back at work, wearing an artificial arm that was cosmetic but non-functional.

“It was very difficult,” the 50-year-old confided in an interview this week at Toronto Western Hospital.

“The people, when they realized I didn’t have a hand, the way they talked to me, and everyone (was) pitying me,” she recalled, saying she attempted to hide her prosthetic by wearing long-sleeved tops, even in the heat of summer.

“I tried to do my best, but the people, some of them … they didn’t believe in me, (they thought) that I’m disabled.”

READ MORE: First uterus transplant in the U.S. fails, health officials say

Four years ago, Zolfi began searching the Internet for information about hand transplants. She discovered some American hospitals were performing the procedure, but doctors there told her that only U.S. residents were eligible.

While many hand transplants had been done in the U.S. since the first in that country was performed in 1999 — more than 100 have been completed worldwide — Canadian doctors had not yet attempted the operation. Zolfi put aside her search.

“Then something happened three years ago,” she said. “My pastor told me he had had a vision about my hand. He saw in the vision that I have a hand, in the future.

“In 2014, I had a dream. In my dream, I had a hand, but it had a mark of surgery — from here to here,” she said, pointing to the scars where her new forearm was attached at the elbow. “And it was intact. It was like my hand. It was the real hand.”

A month later, Zolfi began searching websites again for anything related to hand transplants in Canada. She discovered that doctors at Toronto Western Hospital were looking for a candidate for what would be the country’s pioneering foray into the complex surgery.

READ MORE: How one family’s difficult organ donation decision saved seven people’s lives

She contacted the lead surgeon on the project, Dr. Steven McCabe, to see if there was any chance she could be that patient.

McCabe, a specialist in plastic and reconstructive surgery, agreed to see her. But during their consultation, he told Zolfi the team was looking for a patient with a wrist amputation — not someone in need of a forearm, a far more complicated surgery.

“He told me there was no chance for me.”

But after consulting with American colleagues who had done the operation, McCabe brought Zolfi back in for X-rays, blood tests and psychological evaluations.

“And they chose to use me,” she said with a shy smile.

On Jan. 7, at 2 a.m., a team of 18 surgeons began what would be a 14-hour operation to attach the forearm of a deceased female donor whose age, skin colour, size and blood type were a match for Zolfi.

The unidentified donor had come through the Trillium Gift of Life Network, which had been working since 2013 to build a program to facilitate an upper limb transplant.

Wasn’t she scared?

“No,” Zolfi whispered, her dominant right hand softy stroking the fingers of its new mate.

“Because I had the faith. God showed me in my dream it’s going to work, and I didn’t even think about the side-effects or other things. And I just asked God to do this for me, because I knew that it was going to work.”

While she had no qualms about taking on another person’s body part — in rare cases, patients unable to come to terms with their transplant have asked to have the donor appendage removed — at first she didn’t want to see it.

By the second day post-surgery, that had changed.

“Before, I was scared to look at it and how I would feel about it,” she admitted.

“But when I saw it, I felt it was my hand…. When I looked at it, I loved it and I said, ‘That is my hand.’”

Five months later, Zolfi has sensation and movement in her new forearm, and she’s starting to get both in her hand and thumb.

“I can move my fingers. I can hold a cup in my hand or I can pick up and drop something,” she said, demonstrating with the word “my” how much the donor limb has been integrated into her psyche.

The tissue around Zolfi’s elbow where the forearm was attached remains puffy and her scars still have an angry appearance, but McCabe said a future surgical revision will “make the scars look better.”

The inner arm is also marked by a scattering of small, round scars, the result of biopsies to check for rejection, a potential threat that means a lifetime of taking immunosuppression drugs.

While Zolfi is no longer haunted by what’s known as phantom pain related to the loss of her lower arm, she now suffers a different kind of pain caused by the growth of her nerves into the muscles of the donor arm.

“The nerves have to find their way all the way down to reach the small muscles in the hand,” explained McCabe. “So we anticipate over the next six months or so, she will get some innervation down to the small muscles of her hand, and then we expect she will have a lot of further improvement in her hand function.

“We know the nerves recover about one millimetre a day, so she’s right on track or even a little faster for nerve regeneration. She’s a very focused and committed patient and she’s done extremely well.”

So well, in fact, that Zolfi is driving again, she cooks her own meals, and is able to do household chores — activities she never dreamed she would be able to do a decade ago.

She is even planning to return to work in nursing, though likely in an office job that won’t tax her still-healing hand.

“I’d like to encourage the people that have lost their hand because the way that it’s worked for me, I think it is going to work for them, too,” said Zolfi.

McCabe, a Canadian who was part of the Louisville, Ky., hospital team that performed that first U.S. hand transplant 17 years ago and now heads Toronto Western Hospital’s program, believes there are other patients in Canada who could benefit from the surgery.

“(But) we have to be very careful in our selection and make sure we have the best chance of healing that person,” he said, adding that the team is now assessing two “compelling” potential candidates.

Zolfi is grateful to McCabe and the surgical team, and especially to the donor and her family, who gave her a second chance at life.

“Because it has changed my life. It’s really changed my life. I’m whole again.”

How to smoke your own ribs (it can be as easy as grilling them)

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

Ribs are easy to make — and easy to smoke — at home. You don’t need a smoker to smoke ribs. All you need is a grill, some soaked wood chips and great meaty ribs.

If you are like most people, and only cook baby back ribs, up your rib game and try St. Louis ribs which are trimmed to remove the flap of meat on the underside of the breast bone and squared off to more easily fit on the grill. Spareribs are cut from the belly or side of the pig. They are longer and fattier than back ribs.

ChangSha Night Net


  • ‘I didn’t want to let my ribs burn’: Man rescues slab of BBQ ribs during late night fire

  • Easy holiday cooking: recipe for slow cooker short ribs

    Once you decide on which rib to buy, there are a few things to remember. First, make sure that each slab weighs at least 3 pounds and that the ribs have a nice layer of meat covering the bone. Slabs of ribs that are factory-cut often have “bone shine,” or areas of the rack where the blade hit the bone and cut off all the meat, exposing the bone.

    Second, buy the highest quality, freshest product available. If you have a local butcher who cuts the meat, frequent his or her shop. If you don’t have a local butcher, go to a high-volume grocery store that rotates with fresh product every day. Be sure to look at the expiration date on the label and give your purchases the old-fashioned smell test. If it smells off, it is probably old. I prefer buying ribs that are cryovac-ed as they are generally the freshest choice.

    In this recipe, I am cooking these ribs at a more traditional smoking temperature of 250 F because every backyard griller wants to approximate the barbecue of the competition circuit at least once. But more often, I smoke the ribs at a higher temperature of 300-325 F. Both work well, but you get a crispier, more roasted flavour at the higher temperature as the fat renders out completely. It’s really a question of style and taste as both are good.

    I use soaked wood chips regardless of the temperature or the fuel. Because the wood is the final flavouring element, it is as important as the quality of the meat and the rub. If you are using a gas grill, you can make a smoker box out of heavy-duty aluminum foil and fill it with wet wood chips as the gas grill preheats with all burners on high. The chips will start to smoke and smoulder and will continue even as you reduce the heat to a medium-low indirect heat. Make sure to place the chips in the upper-left hand corner of the grill under the cooking grates. If you place the chips on the cooking grates, they are so far from the heat element that they won’t smoke.

    Also, wet the chips so that they will smoke and not erupt into flames. On a charcoal grill, simply toss a handful of wet wood chips on both sides of the grey-ashed charcoal when you put the ribs on the grill.

    And, don’t forget, ribs can only be smoked using indirect heat.

    The final thing to know is that the best way to test for doneness is to make sure that the meat has receded from the end of the bones. You should be able to bend the rack without breaking it in pieces. The best ribs should be tender but have a little chew left.



    Start to finish: Four hours

    Serves 6-8

    Grilling Method: Indirect/Medium-Low Heat

    4 racks St. Louis ribs, about 3 pounds per slab1/2 cup apple-cider vinegar1/4 cup St. Louis Rib Rub (see below) or favourite spice rubSoaked wood chips, such as apple or hickoryFavourite barbecue sauce, optionalBeer or apple cider

    Build a charcoal fire or preheat gas grill. Remove silver skin from back of ribs, if desired. Set up the grill for indirect heat and if using wood chips, place soaked chips directly on charcoal, or in smoking box of gas grill.

    Blot the ribs dry with paper towels. Brush the ribs lightly with the apple-cider vinegar over both the front and back of ribs. Set aside for 5 minutes. Sprinkle ribs liberally on both sides with rib rub and let sit, covered lightly, for 15 minutes.

    Place ribs (bone side down) in the centre of the cooking grate or in a rib holder/rack, making sure they are not over a direct flame. Grill covered (at about 250 F, if your grill has a thermometer) for about 3-31/2 hours or until meat is tender and the rack bends easily but doesn’t break.

    Note: If you smoke at 250 F, only a little of the bone will pull back from the ends of the rib bones. If you cook the ribs at 300 F, much more of the ends of the bones will be exposed as more of the fat will be rendered from the ribs.

    Leave ribs untended for the first 60 minutes_this means no peeking; very important when using wood chips. Check ribs after an hour and then every 30 minutes or so. If the ribs start to burn on the edges, stack them on top of one another in the very centre of the grill and lower your fire/heat slightly.

    Twenty minutes before serving, un-stack ribs, if necessary, and brush with barbecue sauce. You can also brush with a mixture of barbecue sauce and beer or apple cider — this becomes a “mop” which is thinner than traditional barbecue sauce.

    Remove ribs from grill and let rest 10 minutes before cutting into individual or 2-3 rib portions. Warm remaining sauce in a saucepan and serve on the side, if desired.


    3 tablespoons white granulated sugar2 tablespoons smoked paprika2 tablespoons kosher salt2 tablespoons dark brown sugar1 tablespoon ground cumin1 tablespoon freshly ground Worcestershire black pepper1 tablespoon onion powder1 tablespoon garlic powder1 tablespoon sweet paprika2 teaspoons dry mustard1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper

    In a medium bowl, combine all the ingredients; mix well. For a smoother rub, grind the ingredients in a spice grinder until well combined and all the pieces are uniform (the rub will be become a very fine powder and tan in colour).

    (The rub can be stored in an airtight container for up to 6 months.)

    Makes about 1 1/2 cups

    Nutrition information per serving: 434 calories; 306 calories from fat; 34 g fat (10 g saturated; 0 g trans fats); 113 mg cholesterol; 1079 mg sodium; 9 g carbohydrate; 1 g fiber; 8 g sugar; 23 g protein.

    WATCH: More rib tips and recipes

    How to make perfect ribs


    How to make perfect ribs


    BBQ tips: Greek-style Short Ribs


    Tips for Chicken and Ribs on the BBQ


    Caramba Restaurant makes braised short ribs

    EDITOR’S NOTE: Elizabeth Karmel is a barbecue and Southern foods expert. She is the chef and pitmaster at online retailer CarolinaCueToGo长沙桑拿 and author of three books, including “Taming the Flame.”

‘Game of Thrones’ future could be impacted by Brexit vote

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

Game of Thrones is one of the biggest shows on TV at the moment, and right ahead of Sunday’s Season 6 finale, real-world tumultuousness may be threatening the future of the show’s production.

As Britons head to the “Brexit” polls Thursday to decide whether or not, as a country, they want to leave the European Union, GoT fans may want to consider the ramifications their decision may have on the show.

ChangSha Night Net

READ MORE: Kit Harington, Jon Snow on Game of Thrones, rebukes “male sexism” in Hollywood

If British citizens select the Brexit option, production costs on grand-scale shows like GoT could very well become more expensive. If the United Kingdom leaves the EU, Northern Ireland goes as well, which could be detrimental to the show, since it’s one of the primary filming locations.

GoT has also shot in Spain, Croatia, and Malta, all members of the EU.

Peter Chase, a senior fellow at the German Marshall Fund of the United States’ Brussels office, said that voting to leave the EU could have drastic effects on production.

READ MORE: Kit Harington and Rose Leslie, Game of Thrones stars, go public with relationship

“It might be up in the air for U.S. studios who want to film in the U.K.,” Chase told Foreign Policy. “There are EU programs to help fund all of this. If the U.K. is no longer part of the EU, that has the potential to go away.”

Big-budget scenes (like the so-called “Battle of the Bastards” in Sunday’s GoT episode) may have to be trimmed if Brexit goes through.

For now, we’ll have to wait and see the vote’s outcome.

Follow @CJancelewicz
Game of Thrones | PrettyFamous

Supreme Court of Canada rejects appeal in Alberta sex assault case

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

The Supreme Court of Canada has dismissed an appeal from an Alberta man who was convicted of sexual assault after police ordered him to swab his own genitals for evidence of the victim’s DNA.

Ali Hassan Saeed was arrested and charged in 2011 after a complaint from a 15-year-old.

While he was in custody, police had him swab his penis for DNA and matched it to the victim.

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The trial judge ruled the request an illegal search, but said the results were admissible because the police did not act in bad faith and society has a high interest in seeing justice in cases of sexual assault.

Saeed was convicted of sexual assault causing bodily harm and unlawful touching for a sexual purpose and the Alberta Court of Appeal upheld the ruling.

The Supreme Court in its judgment, said the evidence was properly admitted, leaving the verdict intact.

Writing for the majority, Justice Michael Moldaver said the power of search upon arrest has a long pedigree and is an invaluable investigative tool.

He said the swab did constitute a significant intrusion against the privacy rights of the accused, but the police acted properly.

“I conclude that the police had reasonable grounds to conduct the swab and that in carrying it out, they took reasonable steps to respect Mr. Saeed’s privacy,” he wrote.

Saeed’s charter rights were not breached, he concluded.

Justice Andromache Karakatsanis said she believed Saeed’s rights were breached, but that the evidence was admissible, nonetheless.

“On balance, I conclude that the trial judge was justified in concluding that the admission of the evidence would not bring the administration of justice into disrepute,” she wrote.

Justice Rosalie Abella, writing in dissent, said she would have excluded the evidence and ordered a new trial.

Woman alleges in proposed class action that sister breached patient privacy

Wednesday, November 21st, 2018

TORONTO – An Ontario woman has launched a proposed class-action lawsuit against a hospital, an ophthalmologist and his assistant – who happens to be her sister – alleging a “serious and prolonged” invasion of privacy which may have potentially impacted a number of patients.

In a statement of claim filed in a Toronto court, Katie Mallinson alleges her sister, Lisa Lyons, used her access to the Trillium Health Partners database to look at her confidential medical records, as well as the files of other patients.

ChangSha Night Net

The statement of claim alleges Lyon was “an electronic Peeping Tom” who accessed personal patient information for her own enjoyment.

Mallinson alleges Lyon’s employer, Dr. Tony Vettese, did not do enough to protect the privacy interests of patients. The statement of claim also alleges Trillium’s privacy policies and procedures were inadequate.

The proposed suit seeks $2 million in general damages and a further $1 million in punitive damages.

None of the allegations contained in the statement of claim have been proven in court, and Lyons and Vettese could not immediately be reached for comment.

READ MORE: Four plead guilty in misuse of patient records from Toronto hospitals

“Lyons had no reason to access the personal information of the plaintiff and class members. She did so for her own titillation, entertainment and amusement; to give her fodder for malicious gossip,” the statement of claim alleges. “She was an electronic Peeping Tom, surreptitiously looking through a wired window into the private lives of her victims to satisfy her carnal urges.”

The claim alleges Lyons began accessing confidential personal information on Mallinson and others at least four years ago, but possibly up to a decade earlier thanks to her “unfettered access” to the files at work.

The information access by Lyons gave her a window into “the most intimate, personal, private and embarrassing aspects” of Mallinson’s and other potential class members’ lives, the statement of claim alleges.

Vettese, of Mississauga, Ont., failed to exercise “the slightest supervision” of Lyons and left her to her own devices in his office for hours at a time, “neither knowing nor caring how she spent the time,” the statement of claim alleges

“It was a combination of the defendant Vettese’s professional status and his inexcusable neglect which enabled the defendant Lyons to do what she did,” the claim alleges, adding that Trillium in turn “maintained a culture which tolerated and indeed encouraged such intrusions upon seclusion.”

The statement of claim notes that the total number of patients affected by Lyons’ alleged actions are not yet known.

It also notes that Trillium’s privacy office did not detect Lyons’ alleged misconduct and only began investigating when Mallinson reported her suspicions.

Trillium said it was committed to ensuring and protecting the privacy of our patients’ personal health information and had a “robust” education and surveillance regime over its hospital information system.

It noted that it had recently learned of someone, who was not a Trillium employee, who was improperly accessing patient records, and said it took “immediate action” and notified the Information and Privacy Commissioner.

“We take this matter extremely seriously and are taking all necessary steps to ensure a resolution that protects the interests of our patients, their families and our community,” Trillium said in a statement. “Following completion of our internal investigation, the individual’s access to our system has been permanently denied. We have notified the patients who were affected by this matter.”

Trillum added that it had increased auditing of physician offices to detect and deter unauthorized access.