Arnold Schwarzenegger, James Cameron new faces of Chinese anti-meat campaign

November 21st, 2018

Arnold Schwarzenegger and James Cameron have been tapped by Chinese officials to help lead a campaign encouraging Chinese to eat less meat.

The Hollywood celebrities’ photos will appear on billboards across China alongside Chinese actress Li Bingbing, and they will appear in commercials urging people to eat less meat, according to environmental advocacy group WildAid, which has partnered with the Chinese Nutrition Society in this campaign.

ChangSha Night Net


  • What it’s like to eat according to Canada’s Food Guide

  • Arnold Schwarzenegger’s elephant close encounter: ‘Take a photo, not a shot’

    The government’s new dietary guidelines, released in May, suggest that Chinese people eat between 40-75 grams of meat per day — reducing their current meat consumption by half.

    By comparison, Canadians eat about 237 grams of meat per day, according to 2014 statistics from Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.

    In a video produced by WildAid, Cameron says that he supports eating less meat for environmental reasons. “How can I call myself an environmentalist if I’m contributing to environmental degradation by what I eat?”

    In one of the commercials, Schwarzenegger staggers through a desert, presumably blighted by the environmental effects of meat agriculture.

    “Less meat. Less heat. More life,” says the sweaty celebrity in the commercial.

    Like the American food pyramid, China’s new “dietary pagoda” has a base of grains, followed by fruits and vegetables, meat and fish, dairy and sweets.

What’s open and closed this Fête nationale

November 21st, 2018

MONTREAL – Rushing out the door to head to the bank? Need to stock up on goodies at the grocery store for your Fête nationale barbecue party?

You might want to check this list of what’s open and closed this Saint-Jean-Baptiste holiday:

What’s open

Small grocery stores and dépanneurs as well as some restaurants, gas stations, bookstores and other local stores will be open.

Montreal ecocentres will be open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. in keeping with regular summer schedules

Pickup services for household garbage, green waste, kitchen waste, recyclables and bulky items will take place following regular schedules, except in the following boroughs:

Lachine: Garbage pickup will take place on Monday, June 27.Ville-Marie: Pickups are cancelled.Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension: Garbage and bulky item pickups are cancelled. The food waste pickup scheduled for Friday, June 24 in designated areas is postponed until Saturday, June 25.

ChangSha Night Net

READ MORE: 6 summer markets you must visit in Montreal

Public markets, including Jean-Talon, Maisonneuve and Atwater, will be open to allow you to celebrate the culinary arts of the province. Schedules differ.

The Bonsecours Market will be open from 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.

The Pointe-à-Callière Montréal Museum of Archaeology and History will be open from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. and the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts from 10 a.m to 5 p.m.

The Biodome will be open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

The Botanical Garden and the Insectatarium will be open from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.

The Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium will be open from 9 a.m. to 8 p.m.

What’s closed

Federal and provincial government offices, as well as most municipal offices will be closed inlcuding borough offices, Accès Montréal and other points of service.

The municipal courthouse on Gosford Street will also be closed. For information, call: 514 872-2964

Banks, large grocery stores, most retail stores and malls will be closed as will all SAQ locations.

Most arenas, swimming pools, libraries and sports centres, will be closed, though exterior pools and tennis courts may be open.


The STM, STL and RTL will be running on a holiday schedule. Certain STM bus routes have been modified to accommodate Fête Nationale celebrations, check the STM website to avoid any unpleasant surprises.

AMT commuter trains will run on modified schedules depending on the line.

Parking meters are still operational and parking restrictions apply.

Jessica Mitchell, Canadian country singer, hears her song on radio for first time

November 21st, 2018

It’s rare to capture the moment when a musician catapults into the next realm — from obscurity into the public eye — but Toronto-based country singer Jessica Mitchell managed to do just that.

ChangSha Night Net

Mitchell, born in Toronto but raised in London, Ont., shot a video of herself in her car hearing her new song Workin’ on Whiskey on the radio for the very first time. The singer posted to Facebook, and as of this writing, the video has over 50,000 likes.

READ MORE: Dolly Parton to play in rural Canada for 2016 North American tour

In the video, which you can watch above, Mitchell chokes back tears and is blown away by the experience.

“All of this has been overwhelming in such a great way,” Mitchell said to Global News. “My heart is full of love and appreciation for the people in my corner right now, both fans and family. I’m taking it all in stride and enjoying reading the amazing messages from everyone that are full of love and hope. The world is a wonderful place. I’m grateful.”

Mitchell has a debut EP out, Hold Onto The Light, which is available on iTunes. She has spent the last few years travelling between Toronto and Nashville, collaborating with some of the top songwriters in country music.

Previously, she had been repeatedly told that she’s “not a radio artist,” and several stations refused to play her music, deeming it “too dark.”

READ MORE: Country music labels remain silent as artists condemn LGBT laws

At the CMAO Awards, Mitchell’s performance of Workin’ on Whiskey got the night’s only standing ovation.

Country 104 in London played the single Wednesday in what could very well be the start of an amazing career; she has been called “Country’s Adele.”

Mitchell is currently touring as the opening act for actor and musician Kiefer Sutherland.

Follow @CJancelewicz
2015 CMA Award Top Nominees | PrettyFamous

Edmonton city hall considers recharging idea of electric buses

April 24th, 2019

The city’s push to bring electric buses back to Edmonton has some thinking of the past.

“It is back to the future,” Mayor Don Iveson said when asked by Global News about the idea.

“The electric bus is more expensive to purchase,” the mayor added.

ChangSha Night Net


  • Construction underway to transform old Canada Packers site into new Edmonton transit garage

  • Some bus stops relocated as construction begins at West Edmonton Mall Transit Centre

  • Coverage vs. Frequency: Edmonton wants your input on the future of transit

    The move comes seven years after the last electric trolley bus travelled down city streets. Prior to its decommissioning, electric buses transported people around the capital for 70 years.  The next generation of buses the city is looking at are different, without the need for overhead wires.

    READ MORE: Winnipeg’s new electric bus covers 100 km on just $12

    “Batteries are getting better almost everyday to the point now where you can run a bus for a couple of hundred kilometres, which works on 85 per cent of our routes, even when it’s cold out,” the mayor said.

    In 2008, when the city decided to move away from electric trolley buses, the move was seen as a cost-cutting measure that would save Edmonton about $100 million over two decades by not having to spend as much on maintaining the infrastructure.

    But Don Iveson, writing as a councillor on the eve of the last day of trolley service, questioned the motive of city staff at the time.

    “I generally give the benefit of the doubt to our civil servants, but this is one instance where I have to confess that they clearly started with a firm position against trolleys, and worked backwards to construct an argument around that conclusion,” Iveson wrote on May 1, 2009.

    Nearly a year earlier, in June 2008, as the debate to keep or get rid of the trolleys heated up, Iveson said this: “Well, it would be unfortunate if we decided in 10 years that we wanted them back against really high oil prices.  Then we would start from scratch.”

    In 2016 the city – in a sense – is starting from scratch. The head of Edmonton Transit is recommending the purchase of five electric buses; some councillors are pushing for as many as 40.

    As the push to rush back to electric gains steam, Eddie Robar, the branch manager of ETS, says the move away from trolleys was prudent.

    “I think it was a good decision,” Robar said.  “I think the industry is going in a different way.”

    It cost over $11 million to decommission the 127 kilometres of trolley lines. It will cost the city millions more to reintroduce electric buses under the battery technology. Also, transit garages will have to be retrofitted with charging stations the larger the fleet grows.

    “But then you would pay way less for electricity than you would for diesel,” Iveson said.

    As for what those new costs will be?

    “I wouldn’t be able to tell you until we know how many buses it is,” Robar said.

    When the previous council decided to get rid of the trolleys, the vote was 7 to 6.

    Had the infrastructure been kept, the current electric bus debate might look a lot different, including the questions around what the cost would be to taxpayers.

2 men charged in shooting of 10-year-old boy in east-end Toronto

April 24th, 2019

Police have charged two men in connection with the shooting of a 10-year-old Toronto boy while he was sleeping in his home earlier this month.

The incident took place in a southeastern neighbourhood, at Blake Street and Boultbee Avenue, just before midnight on June 3.

Police said two suspects went to the rear of unit 111 at 70 Blake St., where they allegedly fired several shots into the unit.

READ MORE: 10-year-old boy injured when shots fired at east-end Toronto townhouse complex

The suspects then fled the complex in a two-door Hyundai Accent, police said.

Officers responded to a call of shots in the area and found the boy with a bullet wound to the shoulder.

The boy was taken to the Hospital for Sick Children in serious but non life-threatening condition, but police said Thursday he is expected to make a full recovery.

Jeremy Morgan, 18, and Jaden Sauve, 20, each face 11 firearm and drug-related charges in connection with the shooting.

A search warrant was also executed and 23-year-old John Fetterly-Brown, of Toronto, was arrested and charged with possession of a weapon dangerous to public peace, possession of the proceeds of crime and possession of property obtained by crime exceeding $5,000.

Destany White-Campbell, 18, of Toronto, was also arrested and charged with possession of a Schedule II substance for the purpose of trafficking and unlawfully possessing a Schedule I substance.

WATCH: Police lay charges in shooting of 10-year-old boy in east-end Toronto

Police said the men were scheduled to appear in a Toronto court Thursday at 10 a.m. and added that the car has since been located.

Sgt. Andy Kitchener said earlier this month it appeared the address was targeted but there is no information to suggest the people inside were the intended targets.

Anyone with information is asked to contact police at 416-808-5500, Crime Stoppers anonymously at 416-222-TIPS (8477), online at 长沙桑拿按摩论坛长沙夜生活222tips长沙桑拿, or by texting TOR and your message to CRIMES (274637).

With files from

ChangSha Night Net

Fredericton’s ‘Shredder Man’ creating own work in spite of scarce options

April 24th, 2019

Tony Boone, known as the “Shredder Man,” is one of 22,000 New Brunswickers living with an intellectual disability.

After struggling to find work, he started his own business, shredding  paper so he can earn a bit of his own income. He spends two days a week working out of the New Brunswick Association for Community Living office.

“I love working,” Boone said.

Until recently he had been selling his bags of shredded paper to a pet store to be used as lining and bedding in animals’ cages. However, the pet store recently went out of business, leaving him looking for clients he can shred documents for, for a donation.

“They’re going to bring me the paper and I will shred it for them, and before I shred it I’m going to charge them for what I’m doing with it,” Boone said.

ChangSha Night Net

NBACL director of labour market facilitator, Jon Lister says having Boone operate his shredding business in the NBACL office is representative of what he would like to see across the entire province.

“This is a guy who’s a perfect example of somebody whose motivated to work and couldn’t really find a fit, so he created his own opportunity with the support of some of the staff here,” Lister said.

Boone says he would like to build bring in more business so he can work more than two days per week, something Lister would also like to see.

“I’m happy that he has this opportunity —; I’d love to see it grow —; you know so that he’s bringing in more of an income so that he expands his business and he can work every day, like he wants to.”

Lister says there needs to be a shift in the mindset of employers.

“What we try to do is facilitate the proper match between an individual’s interests and abilities and an employers needs.  For example, somebody who is interested in cars and being a mechanic is not going to be successful working in a library, and vice versa. so it’s about facilitating that right match,” Lister said.

There are 500,000 people in Canada living with intellectual disabilities.

While there are many supports available, the NBACL says poverty, income support and unemployment are issues that affect persons with intellectual disabilities.

The NBACL says 70 per cent of people with intellectual disabilities in the province live in poverty or receive income support, and 75 per cent of adults living with an intellectual disability are unemployed.

Lister says those numbers are staggering, and hopes the organization can step in and help people find employment, or find entrepreneurial ways to make money.

The organization is involved in a joint research and innovation project with the department of education and labour around creating self-employment and entrepreneurship model for persons with  an intellectual disability or autism.

“‘Ready, Willing and Able” is a national inclusive hiring initiative that aims to increase the number of people with intellectual disabilities to be more active in the labour market.

Woman confronts Nebraska football coach 18 years after alleged gang rape

April 24th, 2019

LINCOLN, Neb. —; A woman who said she was raped by two Oregon State football players and two other men in 1998 while Mike Riley was the head coach of the Beavers spoke Wednesday to Riley’s Nebraska team about her experience.

“As part of our ongoing educational efforts, I invited Brenda Tracy to Lincoln, to share her experiences with the young men in our program,” Riley said in a statement. “Brenda has suffered immeasurable pain and has shown the strength and willingness to share her story. Her story today was powerful and I know that it left an indelible imprint on our student-athletes, staff, and myself.”

ChangSha Night Net

The Associated Press generally doesn’t identify sexual assault victims, but Tracy has spoken publicly to draw attention to her situation.

Tracy has been vocal in her resentment about how authorities and Riley handled the fallout of the alleged assault in Corvallis, Oregon. The men Tracy accused were arrested but never charged, and Riley suspended the two players for one game – a penalty Tracy has said trivialized the seriousness of the matter.

READ MORE: ‘Your bravery is breathtaking’: Joe Biden writes open letter to Stanford rape victim

Riley, who once coached Oregon State and the CFL’s Winnipeg Blue Bombers from 1987-1990, had spoken with Tracy about having her speak to his players, but a meeting wasn’t scheduled before Riley left for the Nebraska job in December 2014.

“Sexual assault and harassment are serious issues on campuses across America,” Riley said. “We try to recruit young men of character with core values, and once they are here, we educate them on making good decisions and treating all people with the utmost of respect.”

READ MORE: Brazilian teen speaks out after gang rape video posted online

Riley said he spoke with Tracy at length and told her that he appreciated her willingness to come to Lincoln. He said he supports her efforts to create awareness about sexual assault.

“Out of respect to Brenda, I will not share details of our conversation but I hope to have the opportunity to continue our dialogue,” Riley said. “This has been an important day for me and for our football program and we must keep the focus on the victims, and on preventing inexcusable acts in the future.”

Tracy first told her story to The Oregonian, the Portland newspaper, in 2014. She has since given interviews to other media outlets.

She said she was raped while visiting the apartment of her friend’s boyfriend. She said she accepted a drink that she believes now was drugged and lost consciousness. She said the four men assaulted her over seven hours.

Tracy’s appearance at Nebraska comes in the wake of an investigation that found officials at Baylor mishandled sex assault allegations for years, including some made against football players.

$2 million heritage mansion in Victoria shows striking contrast in real estate prices

April 24th, 2019

A historic tudor-style mansion for sale in Victoria shows the stark contrast of real estate values between the capital and Vancouver.

The British arts and crafts tudor revival home, built in 1910 by Samuel Maclure in Rockland made news this week as it went up for sale through a rare live auction and listed at $1.998 million.

At 7,200 square-feet with six bedrooms and six bathrooms, the house, named Grierson Mansion, is immaculately finished and landscaped and sits on an 890 square-metre lot near Craigdarroch Castle and historic Government House.

ChangSha Night Net

It features a wrap-around deck, heated floors, theatre/media room, billiards room, and a 2,000-bottle wine cellar, among other amenities. Since it is also part of a strata, things like grounds-keeping are taken care of.

The house also consists of two strata-titles, meaning the new owner could subdivide it into two residences, pending approvals.

But while over 2,000 people visited Grierson Mansion during its daily open houses from June 10 to 22, only one person ended up bidding on the property.

“You can’t really have an auction with one person,” said realtor Andy Stephenson.

“We’re now working in a more traditional method of selling the property. The house has not yet been sold but we have brought the price up to $2.2 million, so it’s no longer at its optimal auction price. It’s open for general inquiries.”

It is now listed by Sotheby’s International Realty Canada at $2.2 million, far lower than a comparable house would fetch in Vancouver.

For instance, another 7,200-square-foot heritage mansion for sale in Vancouver’s Shaughnessy neighbourhood is listed for $21 million. It has six bedrooms and was built in 1912, however it sits on a lot over three times the size of the Grierson Mansion.

“Do you know who I am getting most of my calls from today [about this house]? People in Vancouver,” Stephenson said of the Victoria mansion, adding that the house is an amazing value compared to Lower Mainland prices.

“I do think there was some opportunity missed last night for bidders, for people that were sitting on the fence with this house. Time will tell.”

The benchmark price for a single family home in Victoria was $706,500 in May, up 19 per cent from the year before.

NHL prospects will lace up in Penticton

March 24th, 2019

PENTICTON —; Okanagan residents will again get the chance to watch rising NHL stars play later this summer.

For the sixth year, The City of Penticton will host the annual Young Stars Classic where prospective players from the Vancouver Canucks, Winnipeg Jets, Edmonton Oilers and Calgary Flames compete.

ChangSha Night Net

“The Young Stars Classic launches a new season and offers a great opportunity to watch NHL prospects develop in competitive games. We’re grateful to our gracious hosts, The South Okanagan Events Centre and the City of Penticton, for always making this a first-class experience,” said Trevor Linden, Canucks President of Hockey Operations in a news release.

Six Canucks prospects that participated in the Young Stars Classic in September 2015 played in at least one NHL regular season game in 2015-16 including current roster players, Ben Hutton and Jake Virtanen.

“Now celebrating six years in Penticton, we welcome and appreciate the significant economic impact and exposure that having this NHL-caliber hockey brings to our community and region,” said Event Chair and City of Penticton Mayor Andrew Jakubeit.

Tickets go on sale at 10:00 a.m. on Friday, July 8th.

The anticipated Young Stars Classic Schedule:

 GAME                   TEAMS                                     DATE                   TIME

Game 1                Calgary vs. Winnipeg                      Sept. 16                4:00pm

Game 2                Vancouver vs. Edmonton              Sept. 16                7:30pm

Game 3                Calgary vs. Edmonton                    Sept. 17                7:30pm

Game 4                Vancouver vs. Winnipeg                Sept. 18                2:00pm

Game 5                Edmonton vs. Winnipeg                Sept. 19                11:30am

Game 6                Vancouver vs. Calgary                    Sept. 19                3:30pm

12,000-year-old Marysville artifacts give Indigenous people glimpse of the past

March 24th, 2019

An archaeological site just off the Marysville bypass on Fredericton’s north side has dug up a wealth information about the area and its not-so-recent inhabitants.

The site, which people called home approximately 12,000 years ago, was discovered by an archaeologist just over two years ago. The Department of Transportation and Infrastructure has since set the area aside from development.

Over the past three weeks, recently graduated field technicians —; under the guidance of provincial archaeologist Brent Suttie —; have been carefully scraping away at the ground, discovering parts of ancient tools, spears and rocks as they dig.

ChangSha Night Net

What they’ve uncovered is drastically different from the roadway and trees that presently inhabit the area, which Suttie says has lead them to determine it was once a beach near a large body of water.

“There’s actually two concentrations at either end of the site,” he said. “This is actually on a beach overlooking what used to be a glacial lake and so this lake was basically like Grand Lake but much much larger.”

“The entire town of Fredericton was underwater at the time and this was the shoreline of that lake,” says Suttie.

Glimpse of the unknown

The discoveries made so far give archaeologists a much closer look into a time frame that Suttie says not much is known about.

“From other areas in the province, we know that by about 13,000 years ago people are living here,” he said. “We have a few sites down in the Penfield area and then we have very famous sites like Debert in Nova Scotia that date to 11,600 years old. We don’t have anything in between those sites.”

“This really gets to the origins of what’s now New Brunswick,” says Suttie. “I mean these are some of the first people, first evidence we have of people being in what is now New Brunswick.”

Field technicians Tyson Wood and Shawna Goodall are Indigenous people working on-site. For both of them, being a part of the dig has been surreal.

“To know that they were having a fire in this exact position and my ancestors could be all sitting around this beach shore, having a fire, fishing, camping,” Wood said. “Just to unearth that.”

“Just to hold an artifact in your hand that you know that you’re the first person to hold that in 13,000 years … you get the goosebumps every single time,” Goodall said

For the newly graduated technicians, this is their first dig, and it’s one they say will be difficult to top.

“With the Maliseet people it’s all about oral tradition and talking and telling stories,” Wood explained. “Now that I’m going to be able to bring my own stories back to my community and tell them, that’s just a great feeling.”

Saskatoon weather outlook – June 23

March 24th, 2019

Two days of heat today and tomorrow before a wet and stormy Saturday.

Saskatoon Forecast


Mostly cloudy skies started the day with temperatures around 14 degrees before conditions cleared and the mercury boosted right up.

By noon Saskatoon was up at 26 degrees with humidity around 50 per cent making it feel like 29!

Humidex values will spike into the low 30s this afternoon as temperatures soar into the high 20s under sunny skies.

ChangSha Night Net

Some thunderstorms have bubbled up across north-central Saskatchewan with an upper trough over the region.

There is a slight chance of a late day shower or thunderstorm in the Saskatoon area, however it looks like the biggest risk is further north.


There is a chance of thundershowers this evening and then we’ll see a bit of clearing overnight before a chance of showers returns into the early morning hours as we fall back to around 16 degrees.


Tomorrow looks to start off under mostly to partly cloudy skies with a slight chance of morning showers before conditions clear to mostly sunny midday and some afternoon increasing cloudiness in an unstable airmass that has the potential to develop a few showers or thunderstorms later in the day.

Temperatures will once again be hot with the mercury expected to be in the mid-20s by noon with an expected high back in the high 20s, feeling like the low 30s with humidity.


Saturday will be a washout with an upper low swinging through with rain heavy at times and a risk of embedded thunderstorms with the potential for funnel clouds and even the possibility of a tornado in parts of Saskatchewan.

A wet and stormy Saturday is in the forecast across central Saskatchewan.

SkyTracker Weather

Winds will also be strong as the system rolls through, with sustained speeds in the 30 to 40 km/h range with gusts upwards of 50 or 60 km/h possible at times.

Temperatures will likely struggle to climb into the high teens on Saturday.

The system will clear out on Sunday, winds will ease back, rain will taper off and later in the day we might even get some clearing.

Depending on how quickly all of that happens, we may see our afternoon high climb into the low 20s late in the day.

June is typically the wettest month of the year with an average of approximately 66 millimetres falling through the month.

So far this June, only 37.7 millimetres have been reported at the Saskatoon airport, and this final weekend of the month looks like it’ll be our last chance at significant rain before the end of the month next Thursday.

Work Week Outlook

There is a chance of a shower or thunderstorm with a mix of sun and cloud on Monday and a daytime high in the mid-20s.

Then a ridge of high pressure builds back in the heat and sunshine through the middle of the work week with highs pushing into the high 20s once again.

Kirsten Morin took this Your Saskatchewan photo near Meadow Lake of a moose having a soak:

June 23: Kirsten Morin took this Your Saskatchewan photo near Meadow Lake of a moose having a soak.

Kirsten Morin / Viewer Submitted

Saskatoon weather outlook is your one stop shop for all things weather for Saskatoon, central and northern Saskatchewan with a comprehensive, detailed look at your local forecast that you can only find here.

Fall Out Boy ‘Ghostbusters’ theme song eviscerated by internet critics

March 24th, 2019

Rock band Fall Out Boy has released its version of the Ghostbusters theme song (featuring Missy Elliott), and the internet is losing its collective mind.

Music publications and critics are lambasting the song, saying it pales in comparison to the original from the 1984 movie (as a refresher, here’s the classic theme song from the movie).

ChangSha Night Net

READ MORE: Ghostbusters remake has most “disliked” trailer in YouTube history

From The Verge:

“I dare you to listen to Ghostbusters by Fall Out Boy ft. Missy Elliott, but if you play it in front of your teen’s friends I’ll call the police on you.”

From Cinema Blend:

“What is this amelodic nightmare fuel? The song keeps repeatedly telling me that it’s not afraid, but now I’m scared.”

From Vanity Fair:

“This disastrously overproduced, Haunted-Mansion-goes-to-Warped-Tour cover strips away the original’s goofy charm, replacing it with pounding percussion and Patrick Stump’s signature nasal wail.”

From Time:

“Surely this cover will inspire some 9th grader to timidly pump their fists in the air before adding the track to their emo-goth playlist. Poor Missy Elliott’s guest verse does not improve the end result, but serves only to create a fervent desire that some editing genius would get rid of Fall Out Boy’s verses and just leave hers.”

In a nutshell: ouch.

READ MORE: Leslie Jones reacts to criticism of Ghostbusters character

The Ghostbusters reboot has been buried in controversy since the first trailer was released in March. There are two camps: one thinks that the all-female version doesn’t do justice to the original film, while the other side claims the haters are being misogynistic.

The trailer for the film has the sad distinction of being the most “disliked” trailer ever posted to YouTube.

‘Ghostbusters’ opens in theatres across Canada on July 15, 2016.

Follow @CJancelewicz
Ghostbusters — Original vs. Remake | PrettyFamous

Pluto may have ocean of water beneath icy crust: study

March 24th, 2019

Pluto might not be so icy after all: researchers believe there may be liquid water below its surface.

Using data collected by New Horizons when it made the first flyby of the dwarf planet last July, researchers at Brown University concluded that Pluto may have once had — and still could — have water sloshing around its interior.

READ MORE: NASA images show snow-covered mountains on Pluto

If all of Pluto’s water had frozen, they believe that over millions or billions of years, the planet would have shrunk. Planetary scientists would have seen evidence of this shrinkage through the images of Pluto sent by New Horizons. Instead, they believe there is evidence to suggest that the planet has expanded.

Sputnik Planum, a feature on Pluto, is covered with churning ice “cells” that are geologically young and turning over due to a process called convection.


ChangSha Night Net


  • NASA provides close-up, high-definition view of Pluto ice volcano

  • New photos released by NASA of Pluto sharpest ever

  • Breathtaking images reveal Pluto in a new light

    In order to keep the water in its liquid state, there would have to be a source of warming, as Pluto is far too distant from the sun — an average of 5.91 billion km — to receive any substantial heating from sunlight (it is part of a collection of icy bodies known as the Kuiper belt that exists beyond the orbit of Neptune). It has a very thin atmosphere to trap that heat.

    The researchers suggest that Pluto’s rocky core may have contained radioactive elements, which created enough heat to melt the water contained in the dwarf planet’s shell. Over time, as some of that water began to refreeze, it would expand, much as we see when we put water into an ice cube tray.

    The model the team ran found that the low temperatures on Pluto and high pressure within it would cause a change from the ice we are familiar with to something called ice II. This type of ice would take up less volume and cause Pluto to contract.

    READ MORE: Meet Mike Brown—Pluto killer and the man who brought us Planet 9

    “We don’t see the things on the surface we’d expect if there had been a global contraction,” Hammond said. “So we conclude that ice II has not formed, and therefore that the ocean hasn’t completely frozen.”

    The researchers say they don’t know definitively if the ocean is still there: it’s dependent on Pluto’s ice shell. The newer ice II would only form if the shell is 260 km thick. However, they believe that evidence suggests that Pluto’s shell has a thickness of 300 km or more.

    “That’s amazing to me,” said Noah Hammond, a graduate student in Brown’s Department of Earth, Environmental and Planetary Sciences, and the study’s lead author. “The possibility that you could have vast liquid water ocean habitats so far from the sun on Pluto — and that the same could also be possible on other Kuiper belt objects as well — is absolutely incredible.”

    WATCH: NASA video gives us unique look at surface of Pluto

    Follow @NebulousNikki